5. At Small Pet Select, we know exactly which hay your small animal needs to stay happy and healthy. Forage types and definitions. Once hay is cured and stored, the vitamins and Omega 3 levels decrease. Most horse owners are familiar with only a few types of hay, depending on the part of the country in which they live. Hay can be classified into three general types: legume, grass, and mixed. Hay is usually fed to an animal in place of allowing the animal to graze on grasses in a pasture, particularly in the winter or during times when drought or other conditions make pasture unavailable. Changing from grass hay to alfalfa all at once can change the environment in the rumen of cattle, sheep and goats and in the cecum of a horse (because of the shift in pH—the acid/base balance). A bale may range in weight between 40 – 75 lbs. Forages are plants or parts of plants eaten by livestock (cows, horses, sheep, goats, llamas), and wildlife (deer, elk, moose, rabbits). Grass hays should be the main component in … In addition, most horses do not need the high plane of nutrition that legumes offer. They should also not be used as a complete hay replacement. Timothy, Orchard Grass, Wheat and Rye. The horse hay market has been a stable market for many farmers for a number of years. In addition to the times when hay quality is low, when prices are high, some horse owners switch completely from baled hay to the alternatives, such as hay cubes, hay … Small square bales are commonly fed to horses. Some hay types are particularly prone to high nitrate levels and should be avoided if there are options. Color is an indicator of quality and nutrient content; good hay is a bright green. Types of Grass Hay for Horses. The 1996 Ontario Horse Industry Study indicates that hay valued at $100 million is consumed by horses in Ontario annually. 75% of your horse’s diet should be roughage in the form of hay or pasture. The best thing is to have your hay sampled to see what is in each batch, and you can supplement whatever nutrients are lacking. These cubes are very hard, and while a horse's jaw is very strong, there is a chance of choking. There are many different types and uses of horses with different levels of nutrient requirements. High quality hay can be an excellent source of nutrition for - including protein and calcium - for horses and ponies and is a very palatable feed.. A horse should be consuming 1.5% to 2% of their body weight in fiber (hay, pasture, cubes or pellets) per day. And of course, the amount of starchy sugars can vary within a type of hay, due to weather, time of day, etc. However, a vast array of hays are commonly fed to horses in the United States, including timothy, orchard, alfalfa, coastal, oat, fescue, clover and rye, to name just a few. Often, horses can live productive lives on diets of forage alone, but optimizing the types and amounts of hay fed will enhance a horse’s well being and productivity and can be economical as well. A horse’s protein and energy requirements depend on age, stage of development, metabolism and workload. Good quality hay can meet or exceed protein needs. Animals that can eat hay vary in the types of grasses suitable for consumption, the ways they consume hay, and how they digest it. Haylage is a popular and suitable forage for stabled horses, with 45% of UK owners (King, 2012) choosing haylage in preference to hay. are usually bought for horse hay. Therefore, it may be preferable to avoid these types of chaffs for those horses prone to laminitis or requiring a low sugar diet. Hey, hay is for horses! These include: Sorghum, Sudan, Johnsongrass and Pearl Millet. As with hay it is the grass species it contains and the quality of the conservation process that influences the nutritional and hygienic quality of the forage. Bermuda hay is great. If the horse is truly insulin resistant/glucose intolerant there is no one "type" of hay guaranteed not to trigger a bout of laminitis. Hay provides energy from volatile fatty acids from hindgut fermentation, they are a source of calories and provide unique health benefits. I have been getting Premium Coastal hay for my horses and understand it to be very good quality for them. Matching the nutrient content of hay with the requirements of the horse is important. Feeding Hay to Horses and Ponies. Some of the most important are listed in the table below. It is one of the most common hays fed to horses. Horses need long-stem fiber to remain healthy – in a perfect situation horses will graze for approximately 18 hours per day. Small hay bales with an average weight of 50 lbs. Some people replace a portion of their horse's hay with hay cubes, and they are useful if your horse can't tolerate even a small amount of hay dust. Turf types are low growing and have poor yield. The equine digestive system is designed to extract nutrients from grass. Mixed hay is usually defined as a blend of grass and legume plants, though some hay producers and horse owners may define it as a combination of several grasses. If both types of hay cost $100 per ton, then the horse owner is paying $.29 per pound of crude protein and $.53 per 100 Mcal of digestible energy in the alfalfa and $.58 per pound of crude protein and $.63 per 100 Mcal of D.E. That is 15 to 20 lbs for a 1,000 lb horse. Let’s take a look at grass hay and the different varieties available. Changing to a legume hay suddenly can make an animal sick, or cause a ruminant animal to bloat. However, a vast array of hays are commonly fed to horses in the United States, including timothy, orchard, alfalfa, coastal, oat, fescue, clover and rye, to name just a few. Musty hay or other indications of mold or heating, and dust, weeds and other foreign material in hay can be unhealthy for an animal.

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